Cam Beresford

Added: Jake Fells - Date: 07.11.2021 05:37 - Views: 10027 - Clicks: 6974

The fundamental transformation in the human trajectory from human cultures dependent upon the environment hunting and gathering to environments dependent upon human culture agriculture and the consequent impacts on ecosystems and landscapes, and the synthesis between different disciplines, particularly archaeology, linguistics and genetics.

These embrace David's diverse interests in marine hunter-gatherers, the domestication of plants, dryland geoarchaeology, South American archaeology, the European Upper Palaeolithic and ancient fabric and textile technologies. Most of his extensive fieldwork experience has been in the Andean Region, where David has used various archives to track changes in human ecology over some seven millennia in the lower Ica Valley, south coast Peru.

For this fellowship I propose a fresh perspective on a ificant evolutionary change by focus on the Andean Region — highly ificant as one the handful of places where a transformation began independent of outside influences a so-called "hearth of agriculture" ; and wherein originated no fewer than six of the 15 food staple crops that today stand "in effect between the world's population and starvation".

Yet the region's wider comparative ificance continues to be overlooked.

Cam Beresford

My new perspective is based upon the following premises:. Research and Fieldwork Experience David's archaeological research interests have in common two main themes: The fundamental transformation in the human trajectory from human cultures dependent upon the environment hunting and gathering to environments dependent upon human culture agriculture and the consequent impacts on ecosystems and landscapes, and the synthesis between different disciplines, particularly archaeology, linguistics and genetics. My new perspective is based upon the following premises: The key to understanding this defining transformation in ecological dependency lies not in the Neolithic itself but far earlier, because, from a biological perspective, agriculture is only the archaeologically visible end-point of a protracted co-evolutionary process between humans and parts of their environment that began during the Mesolithic, and even earlier.

Old World concepts such as the "Mesolithic" and "Neolithic" are increasingly critiqued for failing to capture the full diversity of human ecology through time and across the globe. Recent studies of the origins of agriculture in different parts of the world are striking for the contrasts between their environmental contexts. Nonetheless, these cases have in common that their settings were "ecotonally diverse": places where different ecosystems con.

Cam Beresford

These seem to have been critical to the widening use of resources by huntergatherers that defined the long prelude to agriculture worldwide. With this Broad Spectrum Revolution "BSR" in human ecology came increasing sedentism, population density and social complexity, along with technological innovation, ritual, and the division of labor. Coasts and estuaries are the quintessential "ecotonally diverse" environments: the intersection of very different, typically highly productive, habitats — offering rich, sustainable, easily seen and harvested resources.

Evidence suggests that, worldwide, marine and estuarine resources were the foundation of the earliest settled Broad Spectrum economies. In due course, many of the so-called "cradles of civilisation" arose on adjacent deltaic and lower river floodplains where natural biota was abundant and flooding cycles brought rich alluvium and freshwater on which farming flourished. The archaeological imprint of the prelude to agriculture is not just indistinct, then, but also greatly distorted by more than m of post ice age sea-level rise, which inundated landscapes to different extents in different parts of the world.

Cam Beresford

Depending on where one is in the world, therefore, today's visible archaeological record is only an artefact of a point in time. Pearce, D. Beresford-Jones, P. Heggarty eds. UCL Press Archaeology and Language in the Andes.

Cam Beresford

Heggarty, D. Beresford-Jones eds. Oxford University Press Kaulicke, R.

Cam Beresford Cam Beresford

email: [email protected] - phone:(807) 624-5431 x 1773

Professor Alastair Beresford